Radoglou-Grammatikis, Panagiotis; Sarigiannidis, Panagiotis; Efstathopoulos, George; Karypidis, Paris-Alexandros; Sarigiannidis, Antonios
In: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, Association for Computing Machinery, Virtual Event, Ireland, 2020, ISBN: 9781450388337.
In this paper, an Intrusion Detection and Prevention System (IDPS) for the Distributed Network Protocol 3 (DNP3) Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems is presented. The proposed IDPS is called DIDEROT (Dnp3 Intrusion DetEction pReventiOn sysTem) and relies on both supervised Machine Learning (ML) and unsupervised/outlier ML detection models capable of discriminating whether a DNP3 network flow is related to a particular DNP3 cyberattack or anomaly. First, the supervised ML detection model is applied, trying to identify whether a DNP3 network flow is related to a specific DNP3 cyberattack. If the corresponding network flow is detected as normal, then the unsupervised/outlier ML anomaly detection model is activated, seeking to recognise the presence of a possible anomaly. Based on the DIDEROT detection results, the Software Defined Networking (SDN) technology is adopted in order to mitigate timely the corresponding DNP3 cyberattacks and anomalies. The performance of DIDEROT is demonstrated using real data originating from a substation environment.
Pliatsios, Dimitrios; Sarigiannidis, Panagiotis; Lagkas, Thomas; Sarigiannidis, Antonios G
In: IEEE Communications Surveys Tutorials, 22 (3), pp. 1942-1976, 2020.
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are the underlying monitoring and control components of critical infrastructures, such as power, telecommunication, transportation, pipelines, chemicals and manufacturing plants. Legacy SCADA systems operated on isolated networks, that made them less exposed to Internet threats. However, the increasing connection of SCADA systems to the Internet, as well as corporate networks, introduces severe security issues. Security considerations for SCADA systems are gaining higher attention, as the number of security incidents against these critical infrastructures is increasing. In this survey, we provide an overview of the general SCADA architecture, along with a detailed description of the SCADA communication protocols. Additionally, we discuss certain high-impact security incidents, objectives, and threats. Furthermore, we carry out an extensive review of the security proposals and tactics that aim to secure SCADA systems. We also discuss the state of SCADA system security. Finally, we present the current research trends and future advancements of SCADA security.